What is Internet of Things ?
The Internet of things (IoT) in simple terms can be explained as is the network of devices. Its the interconnection of various computing devices of everyday objects. These devices are like vehicles, home appliances that contain electronics, software, actuators, and connectivity which can send and receive data.
The IOT devices have 3 set of applications which is divided into consumer, commercial, industrial, and infrastructure spaces.
For the Consumer Applications
A growing portion of IoT devices is created for consumer use. Which includes connected vehicles, home automation, wearable technology, connected health, and appliances with remote monitoring capabilities. Consumer Application IoT devices are a part of the larger concept of home automation, which can include lighting, heating and air conditioning, media and security. They also provide assistance for those with disabilities and elderly individuals.
The Commercial applications
This is an application of the IoT for medical and health-related purposes, data collection and analysis for research, and monitoring. The Commercial Applications IoT can also assist in the integration of various things. Integrating communications, control, and information processing across various transportation systems as well as the building and home automation.
The Industrial Applications Internet of Things (IoT) refers to interconnected instruments and other devices networked together with computers’ industrial applications. In this the IoT can realize the seamless integration of various manufacturing devices. The devices which are equipped with sensing, identification, processing, communication, actuation, and networking capabilities. There are numerous Industrial IoT applications in farming as well. They are such as collecting data on temperature, rainfall, humidity, wind speed, pest infestation, and soil content. For example, farmers can now monitor soil temperature and moisture from afar, and even apply IoT-acquired data to precision fertilization programs all because of the Industrial applications.
The last IOT application is known as Infrastructure applications. Which assists in the Monitoring and controlling operations of sustainable urban and rural infrastructures like bridges, railway etc. The IoT infrastructure can be used for checking any changes in structural conditions that can compromise security and increment risk.
The characteristics and Trends of the Internet Of Things (IoT)
The IoT’s trend in recent years is the explosive growth of devices connected to and controlled by the Internet. The wide scope of applications for IoT technology implies that the points of interest can be altogether different. That can differ from one gadget onto the next yet there are fundamental characteristics that are shared by most. The following are the characteristics
In semi-open or closed loops IoT will often be considered and studied as a complex system. It is due to the huge number of different links, interactions between autonomous actors, and its capacity to integrate new actors.
The Architecture system of IOT consists of three tiers: Tier 1: Devices, Tier 2: the Edge Gateway, and Tier 3: the Cloud. Devices that include networked things, such as the sensors and actuators found in IIoT equipment, are particularly those that use protocols such as Modbus, Zigbee, or proprietary protocols, to connect to an Edge Gateway.
The Internet of things would encode 50 to 100 trillion items and have the capacity to pursue the development of those items. In 2015 there were at that point 83 million smart devices in individuals’ homes. This number is going to grow up to 193 million devices in 2020 and will without a doubt continue developing in the near future.
In the Internet of things, the exact geographic area of a thing and furthermore the exact geographic components of a thing will be basic. In this way, certainties about a thing, for example, its location in existence, have been less critical to follow in light of the fact that the individual handling the information can choose whether or not that information was essential to the action being made, and assuming this is the case, add the missing information.
Many IoT devices do have the potential to take a portion of the market. There is a prediction that the most likely problem will be what is called the “basket of remotes” problem, where we’ll have hundreds of applications to interface with hundreds of devices that will not share protocols for talking with one another.